Today at the field as we prepare to harvest next week.

Morning Glory [Pak Bong (Lao)] Regrowth

The D. Kim Foundation for the History of Science & Technology in East Asia

The D. Kim Foundation is dedicated to furthering the study of the history of science and technology in East Asia since the start of the 20th century.

The Foundation provides fellowships and grants to encourage and to support graduate students and young scholars in the field. The Foundation also promotes the exchange and contact of people between the East and the West, between old and young, or from different fields.

Fellowships & Grants

Welcome to the D. Kim Foundation for the History of Science and Technology in East Asia. The Foundation provides fellowships and grants to support graduate students and young scholars who are working in the history of science and technology in East Asia from the beginning of the 20th century, regardless of their nationality, origins, or gender. Comparative studies of East Asia and the West as well as studies in related fields (mathematics, medicine and public health) are also welcome. English is the official language of the Foundation. All application materials (including sample chapters, papers or essays) should be written in English. All publications, workshops, and meetings that the Foundation supports use English only.


The deadline for the receipt of fellowship applications is December 15, 2014. Successful recipients will be notified by e-mail in late-January. The fellowship term is September 1 through August 31, but can be adjusted with permission from the foundation. If a recipient receives another fellowship or grant, he/she must report it to the foundation. The foundation may adjust the amount of the fellowship award accordingly.

Post-doctoral Fellowship: One fellowship (up to $55,000) will be awarded annually to a distinguished young scholar who has received his/her doctoral degree within the previous 5 years. Applicants should include an invitation letter from their host institution; the host institution cannot be changed without permission from the foundation.

Dissertation Fellowship: One or two fellowships (up to $25,000 each) will be awarded annually to Ph.D candidates who are writing their dissertations. Applicants should include at least two draft chapters with their application.


The deadline for the receipt of applications is December 15, 2014. Grant recipients will be notified by e-mail in late-January. If a recipient receives another fellowship or grant, he/she must report it to the foundation.

Traveling/Research Grant: Several grants (up to $2,500 each) will be awarded annually to scholars who are traveling either to present papers at international conferences, workshops or annual meetings, or for short-term research projects (less than a month). Those applicants who do not reside in the United States, please contact the foundation to check for eligibility.

Group Grants: Several grants (up to $5000 each) will be available to groups that organize workshops or international meetings. These meetings should be conducted in English.

Go to this link for more details on how to apply:

Purdue Center for Global Food Security awards 31 research grants on US student projects

April 28, 2014

Purdue Center for Global Food Security awards 31 research grants on US student projects

Gebisa Ejeta
Gebisa Ejeta
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WEST LAFAYETTE, Ind. – A Purdue University research center committed to helping the next generation strengthen international development and solve the global food insecurity problem is awarding $608,341 in grants to graduate students at 19 U.S. universities.

As part of the U.S. Borlaug Fellows in Global Food Security program, the Purdue Center for Global Food Security announced Monday (April 28) 31 research grants to graduate and doctoral student projects in 17 countries.

The U.S. Agency for International Development funds the program. The grants are intended to give exceptional students the opportunity to conduct field research overseas in developing countries. The 2014 Borlaug Fellows come from 19 universities, including Purdue, and were awarded grants ranging from $15,000 to $40,826.

“From examining grain market price stabilization in Nigeria to investigating soil nitrogen depletion in Africa, this year’s recipients are using their cross-cultural, interdisciplinary knowledge and their personal leadership skills to finding solutions for achieving global food security,” said distinguished agronomy professor Gebisa Ejeta, director of the Purdue Center for Global Food Security in Discovery Park.

“We are impressed with the quality of the students and their research problems. We look forward to helping these bright leaders of tomorrow establish long-term research collaborations and preparing them to take on this most fundamental global agenda.”

The four funded projects led by Purdue graduate students are:

* Patrick Hatzenbuehler – Grain market prize stabilization and household response: Food security and Nigerian grain markets in Nigeria.

* Heather Pasley – Investigation of possible soil nitrogen depletion when maize hybrids with superior NUE are grown in African soils in Kenya, Zimbabwe and South Africa.

* Elizabeth Trybula – Crop water productivity response to conservation agriculture in South Africa.

* Caitlin Grady – Evaluation of program effectiveness: The case of “research for development” and food security in the Mekong River Basin in Laos.

The other 27 funded student-led projects, their universities and the country are listed below:


* Patrick Bell, Ohio State University – Sustainable intensification for improving soil quality and adaption to climate change for smallholder farmers in the Uluguru Mountain of Tanzania.

* Anne-Elizabeth Cafer, University of Missouri – Sowing and reaping: A socio-cultural investigation of farmers’ adoption of improved management practices in South Wollo, Ethiopia.

* Lance Goettsch, Iowa State University – Practical methods to alleviate edaphic constraints to common bean production in Masaka, Uganda.

* Chesney McOmber, University of Florida – Gendering the impacts of climate change: Comparative analysis of migration and empowerment in agricultural communities in Morocco and Kenya.

* Rachel Miller, Cornell University – Working toward development of an improved vaccine for CBPP: Enhancing livestock’s role in achieving food security in Kenya.

* Amy Quandt, University of Colorado, Boulder – Building livelihood resilience in semiarid Kenya: What role does agroforestry play in Kenya?

* Kathleen Tavenner, Pennsylvania State University – Co-management regimes in protected areas of South Africa: Implications of gender equity in the forest-food security nexus in South Africa.

*­ Anna Testen, Ohio State University – Establishing a village-based soil and plant health-monitoring program for tomato in Tanzania.

* Sarah Stefanos, University of Wisconsin, Madison – Bioslurry as fertilizer in Uganda.

* Stephen Wood, Columbia University – Understanding the role of agricultural biodiversity in promoting human nutrition and ecological sustainability in Senegal.

* Kayla Yurco, Pennsylvania State University – When the cows come home: Pastoral livelihoods, nutrition, and food security in southern Kenya.

* David Brynes, Rutgers University – Selection of vegetable amaranth for high-yield, multiple harvests, high-nutrition and minimal anti-nutritive components in Tanzania.

* Nathan Clay, Pennsylvania State University – Transitioning agrarian livelihoods and ecologies in Rwanda.

* John Connors, Arizona State University – Agricultural intensification and sustainable livelihoods in Tanzania.

* Emma Flemming, Virginia Tech University – Characterization of genetic resources and food security status of smallholder farms in post-conflict South Sudan.

* Christian Guzman, Cornell University – Collaborative soil and water management for enhanced agricultural productivity in the Ethiopian Highlands.

* Nicolas Jelinski, University of Minnesota – Capturing dynamic soil properties across global agricultural systems to support sustainable intensification and food security initiatives in Kenya.

* Andrew Margenot, University of California, Davis – Integrating soil quality as a function of smallholder management strategies to secure food production of East Africa in Kenya and Tanzania.

* Tyler Rundel, University of Florida – Smallholder adoption of indigenous fruit trees in Cameroon.


* Erin Biehl, Johns Hopkins University – Using cost of diet analysis to link agricultural interventions and nutritional status in rural Nepal.

* Margaret Rose Douglas, Pennsylvania State University – Reversing the pesticide treadmill: Safe and effective management of key insect pests of lablab bean (Lablab purpureus) using biopesticides and natural enemies in Bangladesh.

* Claire Fitch, Johns Hopkins University – Farming for health: Leveraging small-scale agriculture for nutrition and food security in Nepal.

* John Laborde, University of Nebraska, Lincoln – Crop-livestock integration in a conservation agriculture system: Intercropped forages to meet crop residue demands and reduce weed pressure in Nepal.

* Jenkins Macedo, Clark University – Enhancing soil nutrients and water conservation through sustainable farming techniques in Laos.

Central America

* Levi Keesecker, University of Idaho – Sustaining bee pollinators in agricultural landscapes to enhance food security: Pollination services provided by wild bees originating from remnant forests in Costa Rica.

* Hector Tavarez Vargas, University of Idaho – Alleviating water scarcity in seasonally dry rural Costa Rica: The value of ecosystem service co-benefits from reforestation in Costa Rica.

South America

* Libby Rens, University of Florida – Increasing sustainability of potato production with restricted water and nutrient resources in Peru.

The program is dedicated to Norman E. Borlaug, the 1970 Nobel Peace Prize winner and prominent figure in the “green revolution.” Borlaug developed a disease-resistant wheat variety and is credited for his work saving lives and preventing hunger.

Along with the fellowship grant, the Center for Global Food Security also hosts the Summer Institute on Global Food Security. Through discussions with cross-disciplined experts, this two-week learning program provides the working knowledge need to solve world problems. Sixty-six students from 33 universities have participated in the 2012 and 2013 summer institutes.

The Center for Global Food Security was launched Purdue’s Discovery Park in 2010 to address an increasing challenge: to make sure there is enough food, feed and fuel for a growing world population.

Writers: Phillip Fiorini, 765-496-3133,

Brooke Fruits, 260-927-4371,

Sources: Gebisa Ejeta, 765-494-4320,

Gary Burniske, 765-494-0941,

Source: PSGFS. 2014

Arrest of Thai Politicians: Do it the Army Way?

The full story upon which this narrative is base was published by BBC on 23rd May 2014 covering the latest development of the political situations in Thailand referenced at the end of this post. The Thai Army has long-held back its involvement in the political upheavals in Thailand since the current situation ignited about a year ago. Democracy was given birth to in Thailand about 82 years ago. Since that time, it has taken the Thai’s army under different regimes to hold on to power on several occasions in the midst of varying political nightmares. Given the army’s role in the past during those periods when they seized unto power, the current Thai Army resisted getting involve in the political game plan staged between those of the Red color and their brethren of the Yellow.The army emphatically stated that politicians of both fronts needed to solve the problem quickly, amicably and peacefully so that life in Thailand can go on as before.

However, few weeks ago, a Thai court removed the PM and she did. A new PM was appointed with the hope of restoring order, peace and stability within the country. Instead, protests staged by proponents of both the Red and Yellow continue in Bangkok and other areas throughout the country. I believe that it was against this background that the Thai Military decided to step into the game and change the status quo. As the military legitimize its hold unto power and to let every citizen of Thailand know, that look, we are here for you and if these politicians are not willing to do their job, sit down and talk things out and come up with a credible and doable plan, we will! That was exactly what the military seems to be doing in Thailand. Politicians across the Red and Yellow ticket seems to be failing the Thai people. Nevertheless, as the army solidifies it hold unto the Thai leadership many questions come to the mind of the ordinary man. How long is the military going to hold unto power? When will general elections be held? With the military in the game plan now, will politicians across the political divide be willing to consciously sit down and talk like brothers and sisters? The army did indicate that it was neutral? Well, now what? Well, current situation depicts that the army “once neutral” is no longer neutral and the reason their neutrality was breach is because politicians across both colors were not willing to solve the problems and come up with a negotiable solution. So, given this situation, it was prudent and necessary in the minds of the Thai Army to act in order to reinstate law and order in a country that is at the verge of political instability, social and civil upheavals.

With these being said, the main question now is “what’s next?” What is the Thai’s military plan since the civilian government failed after being given all the time they needed to solve the problems they created and bring Thailand back on track. Yes, so what next? Well, first thing first! Let us arrest all those politicians that were involved in the political nightmare, which brought about all this fiasco. With the politicians arrested or after they turn themselves in to the military, maybe it will bring back to their consciousness that we are always around to break the coin. One would willingly ask, well, will this plan work? How would those arrested be treated? Will their human rights be protected? These, the Thai Military are responsible to protect in the midst of international law and the human rights of those politicians MUST not under any circumstances be violated or threaten to be violated. Each politicians irrespective of his or her political affiliations is a Thai Citizen and must be protected by the laws and constitution of Thailand.Suspending the constitution does not provide you with the escape plan to treat people whatever you want and however you want it be done. There is something call “international law,” which also protects them plus the “common sense law.” Nevertheless, in the situation where the constitution is conditionally suspended, they are still protected by international laws to which, if violated, you will be held accountable. But, we should not go that far, because I believe the military has provided us with enough information (claims of not being affiliated or favoring any one camp in the political game). So, we hope the military will keep its words and stay truthful to the Thai people and that they will treat every politician respectfully and in accordance with national and international laws. I just wanted to point this out first before going any further with the rest of this post. Thumps up!!

Many questions are now being asked “how long will these people be held and what is the plan after they are arrested or turned themselves in to the military?” I think without being subjective here is where the Thai’s military leaders need to be very careful since the world is now watching what’s going to be next? We all know that the military held a high level profile of neutrality in this entire political frustration when it all started. The military had announced during several occasions that it didn’t want to get involved in the government’s and oppositions’ propaganda, but what it was only interested in is that these leaders bring the situations to a close and by find a solution. Did it happened after the PM was removed from power? No! The oppositions staged new campaigns that the entire government be removed and an unconstitutional and “people’s appointed committee” be putted into government duties to run the country, this was their initial protest. Was it too ambitious? Who knows?

Well, that is it! So, it seems that the military ran out of the oil that keeps lubricating their patience not to get involve. Was it right for the military to get involved at this point when Thailand that should be moving towards national reconciliation and paving the way to restore democracy, law and order. Some would say that the military should stay out, while others would yet hold up their hands and yell, hell yes. Enough is enough! Well, the question is not whether the military should or should not get involve. The question is, if they do, what’s next? To be realistic, I can’t answer this question, but what I can say is that we will all follow the situation in Thailand very closely and see what’s next. With some or most of the politicians that are involved in the political upheavals being held at various undisclosed locations in the country, we will keep our finger cross that only one result would come out of this current situation, which are for peace, stability, freedom of movement, and the return to democratic rule in Thailand. So, readers if you have any comment, please feel free to add your voice and let us pray with the people of Thailand, that in the “near future,” peace, law, order, stability, freedom and democracy will be restored in its totality.

God bless!

Original BBC News Post: Accessed:23/05/2014 at 10:00 PM Indochina Time.

Boko Haram Must Go!!

This is the time for Boko Haram [BH] to go! The people of Nigeria are tired of their senseless war against innocent people. Any force that perpetrates violence, war, crimes, adduction, etc is worthless, nonsensical and needs to be eradicated from the face of the earth! I highly welcome the international campaign to search for, find, eliminate and destroy BH. I personally dislike violence, especially the use of violence against violent people to tell them that violence and barbarities are unacceptable on the face of this earth, especially adducting innocent school children. BH is at the climax of its glory. The glory it finds in torturing, killing and adducting innocent people. Now, I am please that for once in my live time, West African Nations decided to unaminously set aside their geopolitical differences to search for, hunt, track, kill and eliminate BH. BH is not only Nigeria’s problem. It is a problem for the sub-region as well as the international community. We will find you. We will free those school girls. Your time of out and it is now time for you to go! Thanks to our African brothers and sisters along with their colleagues from other nations who are putting their lives at risk to get this job done. Enough is enough!!! It is time for this nonsense to end!

Source of referenced headlines:

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