CIAT-CCAFS Science Informed $250 Million World Bank Climate-Smart Agriculture Investment

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Source: CIAT,2017

By: Evan Girvetz Climate Change and Soils e.girvetz@cgiar.org


The Challenge

Kenya is highly vulnerable to serious threats posed by climate change and highly dependent on climate-sensitive natural resources. Given the extent of uncertainties in understanding how different systems, departments, and crops would likely be affected, there is a need for policymakers to draft appropriate adaptation plans with reliable information on climate change. But the financial burden on drafting and implementing these plans is out of reach for many developing countries.

CIAT’s Role

CIAT-CCAFS past work in Kenya, including creating a national climate-smart agriculture (CSA) plan, served as the catalyst for a Kenyan government partnership and World Bank investment. In 2015 CIAT-ICRAF-CCAFS, with World Bank support, developed the CSA country profile for Kenya to systematically assess the state of CSA nationally, including agricultural practices that deliver higher productivity, improved resilience, and lower emissions. CIAT  had also prepared 8 of the 24 County Risk Profiles under the Kenya Adaptation to Climate Change in Arid Lands Project (KACCAL). The World Bank used the national and county plans as the technical basis to develop the Kenya Climate-Smart Agriculture Project (KCSAP).

Other inputs cited in the KCSAP proposal for developing innovative business models that consider value chain impacts and link smallholder farmers to markets include CIAT Big Data Site-Specific Recommendations and the CIAT LINK methodology (described in another 2016 outcome story). The World Bank cited the CIAT-CCAFS CSA Prioritization Framework (CSA 101 Website) as the first key design principle for the project, and determined country risk profiles as integral and necessary.

What has changed?

With the World Bank investment, Kenya can officially move forward in creating CSA plans and collaboration on this project deepens the relationship between CIAT and the Kenyan government. The Kenyan government requested CIAT to prepare 16 additional profiles for the remaining counties in the KCSAP project. The government also requested adding TIMPS (Agricultural Technologies, Innovations, Management Practices) prioritization; these techniques could include water management, animal health, market access, and other strategies. The KCSAP project assesses the institutional, policy, and financial entry points for taking CSA to scale in the participating counties. Recognizing the strategic advantage of preparing CSA plans, the World Bank and Kenyan government required CSA profiles from each of the counties in order to participate in the project.


Article Disclaimer: This article was published by the CIMMYT 0and retrieved on 05/03/2017 and posted at INDESEEM for information and educational purposes only. The views and contents of the article remain those of the authors. We will not be held accountable for the reliability and accuracy of the materials. If you need additional information on the published contents and materials, please contact the original authors and publisher. Please cite the authors, original source, and INDESEEM accordingly.


 

Scaling up research for impact

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Source: CIMMYT, 2017 – Bringing a scaling perspective to research projects as early as possible helps keep a focus on what the project actually can and aims to achieve. Photo: CIMMYT/P. Lowe

April 27, 2017

EL BATAN, Mexico (CIMMYT) – Agricultural innovations, like climate-resilient crops, sustainable land use practices, and farm mechanization options, can go a long way toward achieving several U.N. Sustainable Development Goals.

But ensuring research reaches a significant amount of farmers to have a widespread impact is challenging.

Projects, programs, and policies can often be like small pebbles thrown into a big pond. They are limited in scope, time bound and therefore might fail to have long lasting impact. Through well thought scaling up strategies, development practitioners expect to implement successful interventions and expand, adapt and sustain them in different ways over time for greater developmental impact.

“To have our knowledge and technologies positively impact the livelihoods of large numbers of farmers in maize and wheat-based systems is what matters most,” said Bruno Gérard, director of the Sustainable Intensification Program at the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT).

Understanding the needs and demands of our stakeholders is crucial in the design and implementation of a research portfolio, he added.

As part of a German Development Cooperation (GIZ) effort to aid the scaling up of agricultural innovations, Lennart Woltering recently joined CIMMYT’s Sustainable Intensification Program. With previous experience working in development in Africa and South Asia, Woltering will play a key role in linking CIMMYT’s research to specific development needs, increasing its relevance and impact.

There is no blueprint for scaling, it depends on the institutional and socio-economic environments, which are very diverse in the various regions where CIMMYT works, said Gérard. He hopes Woltering’s experience with both development and research organizations will further contribute to link the right technical innovations with the people who need them.

Bringing a scaling perspective to research projects as early as possible helps keep a focus on what the project actually can and aims to achieve, Woltering said. Understanding what the drivers are that make the widespread adoption happen is critical.

“We do this by making sure scaling processes are an integral part of innovation systems. It is important to understand how conducive environments for scaling can be facilitated and how far we can realistically go,” he added.

Woltering will work to provide a coherent approach to scaling that can be used across the program’s projects, said Gérard.

To see real impact from research, initiatives must move beyond the boundaries of a single organization, Woltering said. New forms of collaboration across different sectors and the opening of new communication channels to share lessons of success when scaling should emerge.

Woltering will develop scaling strategies to facilitate the adoption of sustainable intensification options such as conservation agriculture and water/nutrient efficient practices, and contribute to enhancing CIMMYT’s partnerships with public and private sectors.

Previously, Woltering worked as a civil engineer focusing on water management with the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics in Africa (ICRISAT), then later moved on to work for a consulting development firm in Germany.  His experience will allow him to better articulate development needs with CIMMYT’s research, increasing the relevance and impact of the organization’s work.

Woltering is one of five experts working at CIMMYT as part of the GIZ-sponsored CIM Integrated Experts program. The CIM program aims to strategically place managers and technical experts in public and private organizations in the developing world to pass on their professional knowledge and contribute to capacity building.


Article Disclaimer: This article was published by the CIMMYT 04/27/2017 and retrieved on 05/03/2017 and posted at INDESEEM for information and educational purposes only. The views and contents of the article remain those of the authors. We will not be held accountable for the reliability and accuracy of the materials. If you need additional information on the published contents and materials, please contact the original authors and publisher. Please cite the authors, original source, and INDESEEM accordingly.