Energy consumption by indoor cannabis farms will soon rival that of data centers.
What’s the carbon cost of legal marijuana?
It turns out that every little joint and edible adds up. A new report finds that marijuana cultivation accounts for as much as 1 percent of energy use in states such as Colorado and Washington. The electricity needed to illuminate, dehumidify, and air-condition large growing operations may soon rival the expenditures from big data centers, which themselves emit an estimated 100 million metric tons of carbon into the atmosphere every year.
The marijuana industry’s energy use “is immense,” said the report’s author, Kelly Crandall, an analyst for EQ Research, a clean energy policy research institute. Her report found that a large grow operation can have energy expenditures of 2,000 watts per square meter because of its constant need for lighting and ventilation.
The carbon cost of cannabis is likely to grow. In November nine states will vote on marijuana legalization, including California, which could become the biggest player in the legal marijuana industry.
Crandall, who started studying the issue a few years ago while working as the energy strategy coordinator for the city of Boulder, Colorado, said she was surprised “by the magnitude of the industry and its utility bills.” She said she was also struck by how hard it was for the industry to switch to energy-efficient options. “I find it kind of a conundrum that it’s a very cash-rich industry, but because of banking restrictions it also has a difficulty investing in solar and efficiency.” Because marijuana cultivation is still a criminal offense under federal law, most banks will not do business with the industry even in states where it is legal.
Stephen Jensen, president of Green Barn Farms in Addy, Washington, acknowledges that financing “is a big problem.” He added that the marijuana industry is in many ways still learning to do business in a new legal framework, which has slowed its adoption of energy-efficient technologies. “Most of the growers that have converted from this new legal world have come from the indoor space,” he said, which means they are transitioning from working under the radar to operating legally. “That’s what they know and what the industry knows.”
Jensen said his pot cooperative has spent the past two years learning more about growing outdoors, which has allowed it to achieve dramatically lower electricity costs than many other growers. Now it just uses one building to host mother plants and cloning, while the rest is grown in “sun-powered” greenhouses. He said the energy costs average between $1,250 and $1,500 a month, compared with $25,000 to $40,000 for equivalent indoor growing operations in Washington.
Other parts of the industry are also adapting. A program called Certified Kind, based in Eugene, Oregon, offers growers an alternative to the “organic” label, which they are not permitted to use by federal law. The certification not only requires growers to forgo the use of pesticides but also has strict guidelines for energy use and requires growers to conduct energy audits.
In January, Humboldt County, home to a multibillion-dollar marijuana industry, became the first county in California to regulate cannabis cultivation. The board of supervisors gave growers until the end of the year to register and obtain permits that govern their use of water, energy, and rodenticides.
Crandall said her report pulled from utility filings, interviews, and other published information, although primary information and current research into grow centers’ energy costs was hard to find. “It’s pretty difficult to get people to comment on the record about this sort of thing,” she said.
She also found a dearth of other published research about the industry’s energy consumption. The only real prior study appears to have been published in 2012, before states such as Colorado, Oregon, and Washington voted to legalize cannabis. That study estimated that the industry’s energy expenditures at the time were $6 billion per year.
Andrew Black, certification director for Certified Kind, said the legal cannabis industry is evolving quickly, which will allow it to become more energy efficient. “Data that was never collected and analyzed due to cannabis prohibition is starting to come to light,” he said. “As normal business practices take root in the cannabis community, and especially as the sale price of cannabis drops, I think you will see a concerted effort toward finding the most economically and energy-efficient way to grow the crop.” Both Jensen and Black said they see the future of the industry in outdoor cultivation, not in inefficient warehouse grows.
Meanwhile, local utilities are just starting to look into ways to work with growers. Earlier in the year Washington’s Puget Sound Energy gave a grower called Trail Blazin’ Productions a $152,000 rebate after the organization invested in LED lighting, which uses less energy and produces less heat.
Crandall said the point of her report was not to focus solely on the magnitude of the marijuana industry’s energy use but to point out ways it could begin to collaborate with utilities and other organizations to reduce energy waste. “A lot of my recommendations involve collaborations among types of entities that may not necessarily have worked together in this way,” she said. “I think utilities don’t quite know how to reach out to an industry like this yet, and the industry doesn’t 100 percent know what their options are.”
She said she hopes her report brings the issue of cannabis’ energy expenditures into the light: “I don’t think anyone wants to discourage energy use, but they do want to discourage wasteful energy use and help people get more opportunities for clean energy.”
Article Disclaimer: This article was originally published on TakePart. Reprinted with permission. John R. Platt covers the environment, technology, philanthropy and more forScientific American, Conservation, Lion and other publications.
The message was clear: Don’t think you can get away with it.
In 2012 Indonesian palm oil company PT Kallista Alam sent 1000 hectares of Sumatran peat forest up in flames so they could use the land for agriculture.
The fires in Aceh’s Tripa forest threatened wildlife and human health, and sent vast quantities of carbon into the atmosphere. They were also illegal.
Although the Acehnese provincial government had issued the company a permit, the area should have been covered by Indonesia’s national moratorium on new concessions. In addition, the Tripa forests are part of the Leuser ecosystem – a globally important biodiversity hotspot, and the last area worldwide where orang-utans, tigers, elephants and rhinos coexist in the wild.
Indonesia’s Ministry of the Environment sued Kallista Alam for the harms it had caused the environment, and in September last year, the country’s Supreme Courtupheld an earlier verdict ordering the company to pay Rp. 366 billion (US$ 27 million) in fines and compensation for the damage.
The decision was potentially a game-changer, adding natural resource liability to the portfolio of tools the Indonesian government can use to address deforestation.
How widely was this tool used across the tropics, the researchers wondered.
ON THE BOOKS
In a new paper, they explore the status of natural resource liability law and its implementation in Indonesia and in other countries that struggle with deforestation.
“Environmental liability law is well established in the United States and the EU for things like oil spills and hazardous waste accidents, but is it being used for the environmental harms that tropical countries confront, such as deforestation and wildlife trafficking?” asked lead author Carol Adaire Jones from ELI, based in Washington, D.C.
Jones and colleagues looked at Brazil, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), India, Indonesia, Nigeria, Mexico and the Philippines, and found that all but Nigeria had established a statutory right to bring cases for damage for resources in the public domain.
They were surprised to find that in two ways, the law makes it easier to sue for damage to the environment in the tropical countries than in the US and the EU.
Firstly, in the US and EU only the government has the authority to file suits. But in many of the tropical countries, civil society can also bring cases.
This provision can help move cases forward faster, says co-author John Pendergrass.
“It may not be a priority for government prosecutors, either because they’re overworked or because they’re corrupt. If civil society is allowed to bring the case, it can get around both of those issues,” he says.
“You have to be able to monitor and detect violations, identify who the responsible parties are, and document the injuries to the environment” Carol Adaire Jones
Secondly, in the US liability laws only apply to hazardous activities, such as oil spills and toxic discharges; to protected places like national parks; or to protected species, such as migratory birds and endangered wildlife.
In many of the study countries, however, the laws cover the loss of any resources in the public domain – from deforestation as in the Kallista Alam case, to wetland destruction, illegal logging, and mining pollution.
So the laws are on the books – but they’re not always implemented consistently, the authors say.
“We have to acknowledge there are issues with rule of law, sometimes due to civil war and insurgencies, other times due to corruption or weak institutions,” Jones says.
“Promoting rule of law is important, by establishing laws and regulations that are clear, strengthening institutions, and promoting accountability through transparency.”
“But it’s also a question of capacity, in terms of using data and science to successfully bring a case to court,” Jones says. “You have to be able to monitor and detect violations, identify who the responsible parties are, and document the injuries to the environment.”
Judges and prosecutors need environmental training, too – something that is already happening in Indonesia. The country’s Supreme Court has established a ‘Green Bench’, training and certifying judges to deal with environmental legislation.
Foresters and inspectors – the people on the ground – also need training, adds Pendergrass.
“This needs to be something that’s a regular part of what professional foresters cover,” he says.
“So they understand there’s the possibility to restore the damaged area, and how much that’s going to cost, and understand all the reasons why this is important, so that they can be the advocate for bringing the case to the court.”
And once that happens, courts also need to value the harms to the environment correctly.
Jones highlights a 2014 case in the DRC where two mining companies dumped toxic waste (including arsenic and cyanide) into a river. It killed fish, contaminated drinking water and destroyed agriculture along a 200 kilometre stretch – and the companies were fined only US$ 6000 in damages.
“It had tremendous impact on people’s livelihoods over an extended period – so obviously $6000 is not the right amount,” Jones says. “Calculating the value of harms could definitely be improved across the study countries.”
Where the money goes once it’s collected also matters, the authors say.
In the US and many other countries, fines are placed in a specialised fund used to restore the damage to the environment, but in two of the study countries, Indonesia and the Philippines, the money goes straight into the Treasury.
That means there’s a risk that in cases like Kallista Alam, the $US27 million paid by the company might not get spent on restoring the damaged ecosystem – a huge task involving not just planting, but reviving the watershed that keeps peat damp.
“If the money goes to the Treasury it can get spent on anything,” Pendergrass says.
“If it doesn’t go to restoration, then you may still have a deterrent effect, but it also looks a lot like a revenue-raising scheme for the government – and I would expect there could be backlash from the responsible parties.”
Ultimately, Jones says, the power to bring cases like these is just part of the set of tools governments can use to stop deforestation. Good policy – the rules of the game – is a key starting point.
“But if people fail to abide by those rules, or the rules are implemented in a very inconsistent way, then you have to bring enforcement actions.
“And then liability can be a very powerful tool.”
Article Disclaimer: This article was published by Forest News an initiative of CIFORand was retrieved and posted at INDESEEM for educational and information purposes only.The views and contents of the article remains those of the author. Please cite the original source accordingly.
Windhoek, Namibia – Every year on November 19, the global community observes the World Toilet Day, an event designated by the United Nations (UN) to raise awareness about the people in the world who don’t have access to proper toilets, despite the fact that it is a human right to have clean water and sanitation.
According to UN Water, an agency that coordinates the UN’s work on freshwater and sanitation, the World Toilet Day is about the 2.4 billion people who lack access to improved sanitation. It is about the nearly 1 billion people who have to defecate in the open.
The UN says the state of sanitation remains a powerful indicator of the state of human development in any community. It said that improved sanitation also brings advantages for public health, livelihoods and dignity-advantages that extend beyond households to entire communities.
In his statement to observe last year’s World Toilet Day, UN Secretary General Ban Ki Moon noted that sanitation is central to human and environmental health as well as to individual opportunity, development and dignity. But he registered his disappointment that to date, one in every three people lacks improved sanitation, and one in every eight practices open defecation, worldwide.
The Millennium Development Goal (MDGs) 7, target 3, outlined the global ambition to the proportion of people without access to clean drinking water and basic sanitation by 2015.
But up to the end of last year, there has been no tangible progress by the global community, especially in developing countries like in Africa to provide proper sanitations facilities, which the UN has warned is having negative effects on people’s health, safety, and dignity.
A 2014 progress report by the WaterAid has revealed that majority of governments in Southern African region, like the rest of the continent have failed to deliver on their promises on water and sanitation.
This left over 40 million people in the region without access to safe drinking water and 73 million without sanitation. Botswana and Angola have been rounded for their efforts to half the number of people without access to clean drinking water and sanitation during the implementations of the MDGs.
Justine Eilonga, a resident of Havana informal settlement in Windhoek is one of thousands of Namibians who were let down by their own government, which failed to provide them with basic sanitation facilities.
Although Namibia has met the target for water provision with over 87 percent of the households in the country have access to improved water supply, the target for sanitation was missed dismally.
While most of their country men and women are line-up in banks or in the shops to pay for their goods and services, Eilonga and other residents of Havana in the periphery of Namibia’s main city, Windhoek are queueing up and impatiently waiting for their turns to make use of a single toilet that serves close to a thousand people, irrespective of gender and age.
“We are sharing this one toilet with many people,” she said while pointing to a solitary toilet that was erected by the Windhoek Municipality.
“It’s just unhygienic and unbelievable that people from other informal settlements also track long distances to come use this toilet. I cannot blame them because I am aware that there is not a single toilet there but it is the municipality responsibility to ensure that the inhabitants have access to portable water and toilet facilities,” she said
Eilonga said the situation forces many people to relieve themselves in open, and at night especially women and children are forced to use baskets, which they dispose in the river beds the next morning, a situation which she distribute as undignified. Others especially those that are living in the new informal settlements dig their own traditional latrines.
Helodia Amadhila, also the resident of Havana, who is concerned about using public toilet at night due to especially with regard to security and health issues.
“I suffer a lot when nature calls during the night time because the only available toilet is very far and there are lots of bad people in the area. Although I stay with my two sons, some time they are not in the house and there is no one to escort me, leaving me with no choice but to use a basket which is very unhygienic,” she said.
Simon Nghindini, also a resident of Havana and whose shack is over a kilometer from the nearest public toilet relate a similar story to that of Amadhila, Eilonga and thousands of other Namibians without proper sanitation facilities.
“Most of the time the toilets are not working. This can be explained by a large number of people using the toilets, and municipal officials take their time to come fix them,” he said about a block of 12 toilets that were built by the City of Windhoek to serve the community of Havana.
“We decided to dig our own toilet because there is nowhere to relieve ourselves. This place is overcrowded and open space are scares. It’s a terrible situation we are living in,” Losivite Tuyeni, a resident of Gereagob, while pointing at family toilet her boyfriend has dug for them, a few meters from their corrugated irons house.
Namibia Demographic and Health Survey of 2013 indicated that only 34 percent of the population having access to improved sanitation which is against a target to have reached 66 percent of the population by 2015 as set out in the National Sanitation Strategy.
During the 9th Water and Sanitation Sector Joint Annual Review on February 2, in Windhoek by the government ministries and stakeholders in water and sanitation sector including the European Union, as development partner, the Minister of Agriculture, Water and Forestry John Mutorwa has acknowledged the country’s failure to provide proper sanitation to the majority of the population.
“Access to water has increased overally, even if sanitation remains – despite our genuine efforts – the neglected stepchild of this country. The challenge now lies with lack of progress on sanitation with only 34 percent of the population having access to improved sanitation,” he said.
“However, the victims affected by inadequate access to sanitation are as usual are primarily the poor. The problem of poor access to sanitation is particularly acute in the rural areas where only 17 percent of the population has access to improved sanitation facilities with an alarming rate as high as 46.5 percent of open defecation. Also equally affected are the informal settlements. The low access to improved sanitation constitutes a serious public-health problem”.
Minister Mutorwa also blamed the poor sanitation standard in urban centers such as Windhoek on the rapid increase in rural to urban migration, saying that the country needed to find urgent solution to the low access of sanitation in informal settlements.
“The disparity of water and sanitation service coverage between urban and rural is cause for concern. We cannot also ignore the rapid rural to urban migration that is going on at an estimated alarming rate of 3.5 percent per annum. This has a major impact on water and sanitation service delivery particularly in urban areas,” said the minister.
Having failed to deliver better sanitation facilities during the past 15 years, Namibia has now set herself a mammoth task to improve access to sanitation from the current 34 percent to 70 percent by 2017.
According to the Sanitation Strategic Plan, a total required budget to implement all initiatives in the plan was N$1.579 billion over the five year period from 2010/11-2014/15, with an average of N$316 million per annum. However, media reports indicate that the Ministry of Agriculture, Water and Forestry has been sitting on the funds that were a solution to the problem of poor sanitation in the country.
The ministry’s Director of Water Supply and Sanitation Coordination, Theopolina Nantanga gave a lame excuses in an interview with The Villager newspaper in June 2015 that the sanitation project failed to get off the off the ground because of numerous challenges including public education.
Nantanga however explained that the water and sanitation situation currently prevailing in the country is characterised by scarce water resources, poor access to running water in rural areas and a large percentage of the population living in vulnerable conditions in informal settlements.
The City of Windhoek manager for corporate communications, Joshua Amukugo said water and sanitation provisions one of the top priorities issues at the municipality.
“The City of Windhoek sees access to water and improved sanitation as one of the key challenges to the general upliftment of our society, in particular the more vulnerable portion thereof. In this regard the city has expended millions in the provision of water and sanitation facilities throughout the city to those in need and will continue to do so as the organization is fully aware of its social responsibility and is making a real, concerted effort to address all issues at hand,” Amukugo said.
The city official pointed the maintenance of facilities and water shortages as the most pressing challenges. “The maintenance of established sanitation facilities is proving to be by far the biggest challenge. Technical solutions exist in a variety of forms and even funding can be sourced, but sustaining the facility in working order has failed in many instances.
“Given the nature of a sanitation installation and the fact that these toilets are not under care of a single individual or household in many instances lead to these installations being subjected to vandalism, unhygienic usage and even the theft of water.
“The provision of adequate sanitation is a major challenge on its own, however maintaining this has proven almost impossible under the current model.
This is also one of the primary reasons the City of Windhoek has embarked on an extensive process to review the current model of providing sanitation throughout the spectrum of service provision under the mandate of the organization.
“A second and equally important issue that has become overdue and need to be urgently addressed is the ever increasing shortage of water in the central areas of Namibia.
This situation is seriously straining development and impacting on the ability of the City of Windhoek to expand service delivery to all residents.
The Namibian Government should realise the challenge posed by this and ensure that this is resolved sooner rather than later,” he said.
Meanwhile, countries in Southern Africa like Namibia still have a chance to deliver on renewed promises following the adoption by the world leaders of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development in September 2015.
This agenda includes a set of 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to end poverty, fight inequality and injustice, and tackle climate change by 2030. The SDGs are built on the MDGs that ended last year. And the universal access to clean drinking water and sanitation is one Sustainable Development Goals.
However it is going to be costly to achieve universal access to water and sanitation by 2030, according to Jean-Philippe Bayon, the coordinator for the UNDP-Global Water Solidarity. In blog post on the UNDP official website, Bayon noted US$ 27 billion are needed annually to provide clean water and sanitation by 2030. He said official development assistance (ODA) may covers approximately one third of the target but 17 billion are still missing.
He believes that local and regional authorities like the City of Windhoek, “can contribute to filling the endemic resource gap that cripples water interventions.
I believe local to local cooperation is an important part of the solution but to make it fully effective we need to improve its modus operandi”.
Article Disclaimer: This article was published by the Southern Times and was retrieved on March 10, 2016 and posted at INDESEEM for educational and information purposes only. The views, thoughts and contents of the article remains those of the author. Please cite the originally source accordingly.
For the first time in several days, the Idaho Department of Environmental Quality on Wednesday forecast Treasure Valley Air quality as only unhealthy for sensitive groups — not good, but better than the red rating that had dominated recent statistics and declared conditions unhealthy for everyone.
The DEQ downgraded Wednesday’s initial red rating to the somewhat better orange and predicts an orange rating Thursday as smoke from the Walker fire near Idaho City continues to create haze in Boise and beyond.
Air quality could see more of a boost this weekend, when cooler temperatures and possible showers are forecast, the National Weather Service predicts. Temperatures Tuesday through Thursday have averaged about 10 degrees above normal, and the Boise area is already about a week beyond the average date for its first freeze.
It will stay warmer than normal up until Saturday, with a predicted high of 81 Friday, meteorologist Valerie Mills said Thursday.
Saturday will bring a chance of precipitation, starting in the afternoon, and a predicted high of 69 degrees. Sunday’s forecast calls for temperatures in the low 60s and a slight chance of showers, Mills said.
“The weather pattern would be favorable for mixing some of the smoke up and transporting it away,” she said. “Of course, if we get any precipitation, that could help too.”
Temperatures are expected to return to the 70s for Monday and Tuesday, she said.
“If you’re waiting for a freeze, you’re going to have to wait longer than 7 days,” she said.
The DEQ noted that hour-by-hour, the Treasure Valley could still see air quality anywhere from “green” (good) to “red,” and that smoke from the fire could still worsen again at any time.
In addition to a likely lessening of the Treasure Valley’s smoky haze, more good news has emerged from the 4,385-acre Walker fire, officials said Thursday.
Residents were able to return to their homes in Macks Creek, Pine Creek, and Wolf Creek Wednesday night after being evacuated Sunday due to the blaze, according to fire officials.
The human-caused fire has been 50 percent contained, and crews have pushed it away from residential areas, officials report.
The Idaho Department of Lands is managing the blaze, and almost 400 people are fighting the fire, according to officials.
The late-season fire helped spark the Department of Lands’ Wednesday announcement that it will extend “closed fire season” until further notice, requiring anyone outside city limits anywhere in Idaho to obtain a fire safety burn permit before burning anything, including crop residue. An exception is granted for recreational campfires. Burn permits can be obtained online or in person at IDL offices statewide.
Article Disclaimer: This article was originally published by Idaho Statesman on Environmentand was retrieved on 10/16/2015 and republished at INDESEEM for Information and educational purposes only. Please cite the original source accordingly.
By Juliet Eilperin at the Washington Post posted on September 2 at 4:29 PM
KOTZEBUE, Alaska — The White House announced Wednesday that it would launch a $4 million initiative to speed the development of renewable energy in remote Alaskan communities, part of a package of new programs aimed at reducing fossil fuel use and countering climate impacts in the region of the world that is warming the fastest.
The issue of high-cost energy is an acute one in this area of Alaska, where shipping in diesel and gas by barge means residents pay far more to power their homes and run their vehicles than Americans in the lower 48.
Vernon Adams Sr., vice chair of the tribal government council in the small village of Noatak, said the enormous transportation costs made it imperative they figure out new ways to cut fuel costs.
“We’d like all the help we can get to get our fuel in a safe manner and enjoy a little of our spending money, rather than spending it on the high cost of fuel,” Adams said.
[We live in the tiny Arctic village President Obama is visiting this week. Life here is extreme.]
Alaskans paid an average price of 18.12 cents per kilowatt hour of electricity in 2013, according to federal data — second only to New York and Hawaii — but in this part of Alaska, residents pay at least 40 cents a kilowatt hour, even after receiving a state subsidy aimed at making energy costs more equitable across Alaska.
The renewable energy funding was one of several initiatives the administration unveiled Wednesday under the umbrella of helping tribal and rural communities cope with climate change and other challenges. White House officials said the Denali Commission, an independent federal agency since 1998, would serve as the federal coordinator for building climate resilience in rural Alaska, and would provide $2 million to support voluntary relocation efforts for vulnerable villages.
The Agricultural Department said Wednesday that it will provide $17.6 million to bolster health operations in more than a dozen communities, as well as $240,000 to improve water and sewage treatment operations in rural Alaska.
White House senior adviser Brian Deese told reporters the administration was committed to protecting tribal members’ way of life.
“Alaskan Natives have been living in this land and with this way of life for thousands of years. These traditions and ways of live are … important to our country, important to the state and they are Americans,” Deese said, adding that officials are working to determine “because of changes in climate, what can we do to make sure that these traditions and way of life are not lost forever.”
Still, several tribal leaders who gathered in Kotzebue, which will be the last stop on President Obama’s three-day tour of Alaska, said they expected more from the federal government given the peril their communities now face.
Kivalina tribal government council President Millie Hawley, whose 400-person town stretches eight miles along a gravel spit, has sought federal funding for both an evacuation road and a complete relocation of the village. She noted that in 2004, the town lost at least 70 feet from the side that borders the Chukchi Sea, and changing weather has made the resources villagers depend on less predictable.
Moving to a major city or different area in Alaska, Hawley said, would devastate the community. “You’re asking us to not be a people anymore,” she said. “The land and the resources of our land make us a people.”
A total relocation of Buckland would cost roughly $100 million; even building the evacuation road would cost roughly $15 million.
Percy Ballot, tribal government council president of Buckland, said of the $2 million funding announcement: “We appreciate that, we really do, but we’re going to need more money than that. … If you could, please, pass the message on.”
Sen. Lisa Murkowski (R-Alaska) noted in an interview that the president has pledged to provide $3 billion to help people in developing countries overseas cope with climate impacts, but rural Alaskans face many of the same challenges..
In some places, “there is no running water, there are no sanitation facilities. That puts you in Third World status,” Murkowski said. “He’s willing to pledge the money for developing countries. But there’s a saying that charity begins at home. We don’t want to forget.”
Still, Kotzebue is also a model for how rural communities can chart a new energy trajectory. In this small town 32 miles north of the Arctic Circle, officials have begun a major effort to cut their use of high-cost diesel by launching wind and solar projects.
The Kotzebue Electric Association has established 19 wind turbine towers, each 250 feet tall, roughly four miles from town. They now provide 20 percent of Kotzebue’s electricity and save it 250,000 gallons of diesel fuel a year. The association also manages wind projects for neighboring communities: Buckland dedicated two 100-kilowatt turbines in August, and Deering will be commissioning a 100-kilowatt turbine in October.
[Alaska’s quest to power remote villages — and how it could spread clean energy worldwide]
“We are very pleased to see the president’s focus on rural energy solutions,” said Brad Reeve, the association’s general manager. “Accelerating Rural Alaska’s integration of renewable energy sources like wind and solar will increase the sustainability of all Arctic communities.”
The Northwest Arctic Borough, which helps govern not just Kotzebue but also 10 smaller surrounding communities, has also provided a grant to expand solar power in the region and to help run their water and sewer services. The grant has established a 20-KW project in Kotzebue and 10-KW solar projects in nine of the surrounding villages.
Microgrids proliferate in Alaska because its rural communities are so far-flung. Alaska boasts more than 200 of them, according to Navigant Research, more than any other state. But diesel energy remains dominant: Only 70 of the microgrids have renewable power as part of their supply.
“Isolated Alaskan villages provide a perfect template for developing practical, “smart” renewable energy systems than can largely replace dirty, expensive diesel power,” said David Hayes, who helped lead the Interior Department’s Arctic strategy as deputy secretary during Obama’s first term and is now a visiting law professor at Stanford University. “Marshaling U.S. technology to develop lower-cost, replicable, small-scale systems could dramatically improve the quality of life for villagers in Alaska and around the world.”
Also in Energy & Environment:
Scientists discover that the world contains dramatically more trees than previously thought
Obama can rename Mount McKinley Denali — but he can’t stop its loss of ice
Wildfires have now burned a massive 8 million acres across the U.S.
The surprising way that birds and wind turbines can coexist
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Juliet Eilperin is The Washington Post’s White House bureau chief, covering domestic and foreign policy as well as the culture of 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue. She is the author of two books—one on sharks, and another on Congress, not to be confused with each other—and has worked for the Post since 1998.
The 2015 4th International Conference on Climate Change and Humanity (ICCCH 2015) is the premier forum for the presentation of technological advances and research results in the fields of Climate Change and Humanity. ICCCH 2015 will bring together leading engineers and scientists in Climate Change and Humanity from around the world.
Topics of interest for submission include, but are not limited to:
Ecology and Biodiversity Conservation
Environmental Pollution & Management
Renewable Energy Sources
Energy Policy, Planning & Management
Climate Change and Global Warming
Remote Sensing and Environment
Air pollution from mobile and stationary sources
Noise and acoustics
Electromagnetic waves and telecommunication
Hazardous waste and waste treatment
Industrial waste treatment
Water pollution and treatment
Solid waste management
Environmental management systems
Air pollution control and equipment
Pollution prevention in industry
Population and environment in developing countries
Urbanisation and flood risk implications for coping in coastal zones
Green growth and policy challenges in coastal zone management
ICT, climate risk communication and public awareness framing
Government sector policy experiences with climate change
Civil society and NGO sector experience with climate change
Industry and private business sector experience with climate change including finance
International diplomacy, climate change and adaptation finance
Gender, poverty and climate change mainstreaming
Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and the context of climate change
Agriculture, fisheries and food security in the context of climate change
Climate change, water and sanitation, and health in developing countries
Indigenous knowledge systems and climate change adaptation
All ICCCH 2015 papers will be published in the Journal of Environmental Science and Development (IJESD, ISSN:2010-0264) , and all registered papers will be included in the Engineering & Technology Digital Library, and indexed by EBSCO, WorldCat, Google Scholar, Cross ref, ProQuest , CABI and sent to be reviewed by EI Compendex and ISI Proceedings.
One Excellent Paper will be selected from each oral session. The Certificate for Excellent Papers will be awarded in the Dinner Banquet on January 25, 2015.
Paper submission (Full Paper) Before September 15, 2014
Notification of acceptance On October 5, 2014
Authors’ Registration Before October 25, 2014
Final paper submission Before October 25, 2014
ICCCH 2015 Conference Dates January 24-25, 2015
One Day Tour January 26, 2015